Initiation and activation: 2 exercises to help kids focus
Written by Cindy Goldrich, EdM, ADHD-CCSP
Published byPESI Inc.
Last updated: 11/10/2022
Strategies to promote success in students with ADHD and executive function challenges
One of the most common struggles for students with ADHD or executive function challenges is staying focused on a specific accomplishment during a given time period. These students may have an especially hard time getting started—or simply staying on task—while other thoughts or external factors pull their attention away. In turn, once they have settled into their task, it may be very difficult to transition to a completely new activity. Preparing these students ahead of time is the best way to get them physically and emotionally ready to focus on any new task at hand.
Initiation and activation are the skills needed to get started on a task. Whether it’s a routine task, such as unpacking a backpack, or a more difficult task, such as beginning a book report, some students struggle and may give the appearance of being lazy, unmotivated, or resistant. It may appear as if they are trying to procrastinate starting the activity. However, when we dig a little deeper, we may find that these students have difficulty getting started because they simply don’t know how or where to begin.
To do their best work, these students must figure out what the activity will entail, what will be expected of them, and how much time they will have to complete it. Remember that students with ADHD also have a much harder time activating their brain when they are not intrinsically interested or motivated by the task at hand. Prepare them both emotionally and physically for the task at hand—this upfront investment will drastically lessen time spent on redirection or any additional fallout.
In addition, transitions can be particularly challenging for students with ADHD and executive function challenges. When we ask students to transition from one activity to another, we are actually asking them to do three separate (and often individually challenging) steps: (1) stop the activity, (2) move to the next activity, and (3) start the new activity. Transitions can be supported more fully when we break the movement into three parts and address each step separately.
A transition of space, such as going from school to home, can also bring challenges. There are often external factors that can distract or pull attention away from the task at hand. It can be beneficial to build a routine in all aspects of a student’s life, including homework time. Some students just do better when they know what to expect—regardless of whether or not they are diagnosed with ADHD. Preparation, guidance, and connection are the keys to easing transitions.
Evidence-based practices to help students thrive
Take advantage of the latest brain research and evidence-based best practices to get kids motivated, focused, organized, and performing closer to their real potential.
You can guide students in developing successful routines with free exercises from “ADHD, Executive Function & Behavioral Challenges in the Classroom.”
ADHD and executive function expert Cindy Goldrich and special education teacher Carly Goldrich combined efforts to create this powerful resource to help teachers and professionals understand and connect with students. The practical tools and worksheets in this book are designed to help students become more resourceful, accountable, optimistic, and perseverant.
Included for easy reproduction are resources and worksheets to address issues related to:
- Practical, nondistracting movement
- Improving task initiation, planning, and time management
- Strengthening emotional regulation, cognitive flexibility, and frustration tolerance
- Teaching effective communication and collaboration skills
- Managing stress and anxiety in school and at home
- Creating a growth mindset temperament and improving perseverance
- Using goal-setting techniques to improve performance and confidence
Cindy Goldrich, EdM, ADHD-CCSP, is a mental health professional, certified ADHD coach, and teacher trainer. She is the author of “8 Keys for Parenting Children with ADHD” and creator of the workshop series “Calm and Connected: Parenting Children with ADHD©,” designed to teach parents and caregivers how to successfully manage and support their children’s unique needs. She also trains other professionals through her ADHD Parent Coach Academy. Goldrich received her master’s in education in counseling psychology from Teachers College at Columbia University and her ADHD coach certification from the Institute for the Advancement of ADHD Coaching.
Learn more about Cindy Goldrich’s educational products, including upcoming live seminars.
About the publisher
For more than 40 years, nonprofit organization PESI, Inc., has provided cutting-edge continuing education to professionals across the nation. Working alongside the world’s leading experts, PESI educates and instructs the general public, public organizations, private industry, students, and professionals in acquiring, developing, and enhancing their knowledge and skills.
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